Earthquake Resistant System

image002Panda Bricks & Construction continuously endeavours to improve the structural performance of its interlocking masonry to widen its application area in over climatic & geological conditions. A large part of world falls under Seismic zones. A series of tests & validations for Interlocking Brick Systems using ABT has been done to enhance its performance as earthquake-resistant system.

Wits University & Hydraform

In partnership with Wits University, Hydraform (A Leader in Interlocking Bricks Systems) performed extensive seismic testing on seven structures, culminating in a final set of full simulated earthquake signals (chosen from well-known historical earthquakes: El Centro, Northridge and Llolleo) applied to the seventh structure. After the structures had been subjected to four such signals, run in sequence, negligible damage was evident.


Earthquake simulations were conducted on a full scale, dry stacked, masonry structure made out of Hydraform bricks (Figure 1). Three earthquakes were considered: (a) the elCentro, (b) the North Ridge and (c) the Llolleo. The acceleration time histories (see Figure 2 below) from these three earthquakes were integrated, to produce displacement time histories, and then high pass filtered (see Figure 3). The filtering proved to be essential for two reasons: (a) to remove drift in the displacements, and (b) to facilitate the testing with the equipment available.

Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA) has, among others, also recommended Compressed Earth Blocks (CEB) & Compressed Earth Interlocking Blocks (CEIB) as appropriate for use in Earth Quake Resistant Structures and has issued comprehensive guidelines in this respect. For details, please refer to relevant GSDMA guidelines.

To address specific application, Hydarform India a modified interlocking Block to suit their vertical + horizontal reinforcement requirements in Earth Quake Resistant Housing Structures in Gujarat.

Hydraform Achievements in India & Argentina

Hydraform’s Earthquake-Resistant Building System has been successful in the earthquake-stricken regions of India. In Argentina, the conventional Hydraform blocks were used in a reinforced concrete frame which tied the walls, foundation and roof together, providing seismic resistance.

In India, a slightly modified Hydraform block allowed horizontal reinforcement at intermittent levels and vertical reinforcement at corners in case of load bearing structures or use in reinforced concrete frame.